Types of braces

What is orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a field of dentistry dealing with the mutual position of teeth and jaws.

 

When will an orthodontist help me?

  • Uneven positioning of teeth
  • Aesthetic reasons
  • Children - correct teeth development and regulation of its position

 

Types of braces 

This type of braces is glued to your teeth. Locks (metal or ceramic) are used especially, but also wires, rubber bands, rings or cannulas. The treatment usually lasts around two years. This process can be longer if, for example, we include teeth from the bone that could not grow by themselves. The braces can be installed from the outside of the teeth (vestibular braces) and even from the inside (lingual braces).

At the Schill Dental Clinic, we use the system of invisible removable splints made by Invisalign. It is a faster alternative to the fixed braces. The clients change the splints by themselves at regular intervals and they are tailor-made and printed on a special 3D printer. The removable splint system is a suitable method in many cases, e.g. if the patient has little or no space in the mouth, or needs to move the teeth a few millimetres back. Read more about the Invisalign system.

The removable splint system is a suitable method in cases if the patients have baby teeth or mixed teeth. With early orthodontic diagnosis and subsequent installation of removable dental apparatus, it is possible to regulate the cutting of teeth and the final growth of the jaws.

The removable apparatus is also used in the final stage of fixed braces treatment to maintain the condition achieved.

Differences between fixed braces and invisible splint system

Invisalign does not use locks or wires. While the fixed braces initially solve the movement of the tooth in one direction and the other direction, later on, the Invisalign encircles the tooth, forcing it to move as the splint is formed. Both of them - Invisalign and fixed braces, can move teeth also backward.

The classic braces are glued to the tooth. Thus, dirt or food remains get stuck around the locks while eating.

Invisalign is an aesthetic variant of fixed braces that can help to solve various orthodontic problems. You can remove the Invisalign anytime you want – also while eating. However, many people prefer eating with Invisalign, because it protects the teeth from dirt and food debris. If you like to drink sweet or hot drinks, you should put off the splints for a while because the heat deforms the material.

Although the patient had been wearing an orthodontic appliance for several years, the teeth may become distorted after removal. Such changes can only be solved in one way - by re-installing the braces or splints. Schill Dental Clinic offers you a warranty. We only require you to follow the retention rules thoroughly (especially wearing a retainer and maintaining proper and regular oral hygiene). We can correct every small deviation.

 

The treatment consists of:

Initial consultation is an important step in choosing the right method. The patients must know what they are about to undergo, and they must agree with the interventions. The doctor explains procedures, alternatives and possible solutions or risks.

If the patient chooses one of the options, the doctor starts to create the base material – tooth imprints, X-rays, and face, profile and teeth photographs. This material is used to evaluate the current state, i.e. whether it is possible to move teeth, in what direction, what are the limits within the bone, whether the patient is growing or not growing. The result is a detailed treatment plan.

Treatment plan results are presented to the patient. If they agree, the next steps related to the apparatus follow. Teeth must be healthy, in good condition and free from any defects before active treatment.

This process involves the treatment itself and reaching optimal results. A regular visit to the orthodontist's ambulance is also required throughout the treatment. In children, active treatment is a longer-lasting process, as it can involve the change of residual teeth or adjusting the jaw position.

The last stage involves maintaining the results achieved. Since the treatment moved the teeth in a relatively short time, the teeth are still not fixed and stabilized in the bone. Retainers (wires from the inside of the teeth) and splints or other removable braces are used many times. It is an integral part of the treatment, neglecting of which leads to re-covering of the misalignment.

What are your most frequent questions

Taking teeth out is not a necessary intervention when treating orthodontic disorders. It all depends on how much space in the oral cavity is missing, what the position of the jaws is, or what the original declination of the teeth was. In order to know in advance what treatments will be needed during treatment, we need a treatment plan. This, along with the imprints, teeth and skull X-rays, is a key tool to see the relationship between the components and to identify the next steps of the treatment.

Untreated orthodontic problems are not just a non-aesthetic matter. There are other problems,
depending on the patient's condition. In case of misaligned teeth, it is harder to stick to a proper
hygiene, dental plaque occurs resulting in forming a dental tartar. Patients with misaligned teeth
are also at higher risk for periodontal diseases and higher occurrence of cavities. In turn, bite
disorders lead to joint problems and their subsequent damage. With incorrect biting, even
chewing gets worse
. Poorly chewed food can result in stomach problems. An open bite can
also mean problems with articulation. Balanced teeth are therefore only a benefit to other solved
problems.

When deciding which option to tackle first, experts strongly recommend dealing with tooth movement before implants, dental bridges or other prosthetic work. If the tooth is moving, the surrounding bone is also moving. That is why the position of the bone at the beginning of orthodontic treatment may be different than at the end. Thus, it is possible the implant would not fit in the final position.

We can't move the implant. If you already have a dental prosthesis or implant, it can be adapted to the movement of the other teeth, but this movement is considerably limited by the position of the prosthetic replacement.

Age does not play an important role in orthodontics. It is best to come as soon as possible, ideally in your childhood, and start solving any problems as soon as possible. But since our teeth can move and misalign throughout our lives, they can even straighten. In particular, patients with severe periodontal problems with few bones are at risk the most.

There is always a solution. Get advice from our experienced professionals who have also handled cases that others have given up.


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