Orthodontics is the dentistry discipline concerned with disproportionate teeth and jaw relationships.

Ortodoncie - zubní rovnátka u Schill Dental Praha

The incidence of orthodontic anomalies can be diagnosed at the early childhood age already. Because of its severe character, the anomaly requires orthodontic intervention in approximately one third of the juvenile population. The orthodontic treatment aspires a correct teeth and jaw relationship. This helps to enhance the patient's esthetic appeal, improve the mastication process, pronunciation and make mouth care routine easier.

The orthodontic defect may obstruct a person´s oral hygiene. Poor mouth care induces dental caries and gingivitis. With the time, the gum inflammation often threatens to develop into periodontitis – the general damage to the tooth´s socket area.

An orthodontic anomaly left untreated means a number of consequences striking at the adult age. A disproportionate teeth and jaw position reflects in substantial changes of the patient´s facial appearance as well (lip deformities, maxillofacial disorders such as jaw protrusion, recessed or protruding chin, facial asymmetry).

A dental check-up on the juvenile patient should be planned in round the age of 7. Where the adult age group is concerned, orthodontic anomalies occur in a considerably large segment of population as a direct after-effect of corrective treatment absence in childhood. Among causes for conditions of this kind, factors stand out such as genetical predisposition, injury-related tooth damage or premature loss of deciduous teeth.

The most common bite discrepancies

Dental compression – the most frequent orthodontic disorder that is caused by lack of space in the jaw or oversized teeth constrained due to this
Crossbite - abnormal relation of maxillary teeth to the opposite arch in buccal section
Overbite - malocclusion in which the front upper teeth project over the lower Underbite - the lower teeth protrude past the front teeth Openbite –insufficient vertical overlap of teeth – no contact of teeth at moments of extreme bite effort
Diastema tooth gaps – the condition in which teeth are either undersized or small to use the excess jaw space available.

Different kinds of orthodontic defects invite a differentiated choice of treatment approach. At the present, we use two types of dental braces: fixed and removable. Our orthodontist will determine the right type of braces and work out a therapy plan observing results of the comprehensive in-clinic examination of the patient, his X-ray images and the study models produced on basis of the impression taken on the patient.

Fixed appliance

By standard, the fixed appliance is intended for use on permanent teeth, or mixed teeth in specific situations. The therapy course extends over the period of 1-2 years usually. The fixed appliance is made up by components (orthodontic brackets, rings, tubes) that are bonded to the teeth.

Wires (archwires) represent another component of the fixed appliance that is attached to the rings and brackets. The archwires are made of metal. A white version archwire is available for esthetic reasons. The fixed appliance comes with a variety of auxiliaries such as rubber bands, extraoral bands, palatal expanders and others.

Removable appliance

Meets with a broad spectre of use particularly in children if orthodontic irregularities are diagnosed early. Removable appliances are used in mixed teeth at which stage the tooth eruption and the jaw growth can be controlled. Most usually, they are made of metal wires coated with acrylic resin.

A good interaction between the patient, his parents and the orthodontist are the major essential for a successful therapy process. The corrective treatment of an orthodontic anomaly represents a demanding therapy. If it is opted for, the decision should be reached by a fully informed candidate completely aware of the demands and the techniques the treatment is related with. This may be the best way to avoid both a disillusioned patient halfway into the treatment and the disappointment on the part of his/her parents. And of the dentist no less.